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On the semantic transparency of visual notations: experiments with UML

Kouhen, Amine El et Gherbi, Abdelouahed et Dumoulin, Cédric et Khendek, Ferhat. 2015. « On the semantic transparency of visual notations: experiments with UML ». In SDL 2015: Model-Driven Engineering for Smart Cities 17th International SDL Forum, 12-14 Oct. 2015, Proceedings (Berlin, Germany, Oct. 12-14, 2015) Coll. « Lecture Notes in Computer Science », vol. 9369. , p. 122-137. Springer International Publishing.


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Graphical notations designed by committees in the context of standardization bodies, like Object Management Group (OMG), are widely used in the industry and academia. Naive users of these notations have limited background on visualization, documentation and specification of work ows, data or software systems. Several studies have pointed out the fact that these notations do not convey any particular seman- tics and their understanding is not perceptually immediate. As reported in these studies, this lack of semantic transparency increases the cog- nitive load to differentiate between concepts, slows down the learning and comprehension of the language constructs. This paper reports on a set of experiments that confirm the lack of semantic transparency of the Unified Modeling Language (UML) as designed by OMG and compares this standard to alternative solutions where naive users are involved in the design of the notations to speed-up the learning of these languages to new users.

Type de document: Compte rendu de conférence
Fischer, Joachim
Scheidgen, Markus
Schieferdecker, Ina
Reed, Rick
Gherbi, Abdelouahed
Affiliation: Génie logiciel et des technologies de l'information
Date de dépôt: 13 nov. 2015 17:11
Dernière modification: 24 févr. 2017 15:15

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