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Social sustainability through occupational health and safety prevention in the construction industry

Manolache, Constantin T. et Nadeau, Sylvie et Arteau, Jean. 2010. « Social sustainability through occupational health and safety prevention in the construction industry ». In Dokumentation des 56. Arbeitswissenschaftlichen Kongresses Darmstadt 24.03.-26.03.2010 (Darmstadt, Germany, Mar. 24-26, 2010), p. 441-444. Dortmund, Germany : GfA-Press.

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Résumé

The construction of reinforced concrete buildings and structures faces several challenges that aren't limited to the design of the structure and the pouring of concrete. Reinforcing steel bars must be assembled, installed in casing formworks and checked for quality purposes, in changing weather conditions, in a continuously changing building site and in lean construction environments and requirements. This article presents the documented material and technological parameters and activities (tasks, equipments, environment and variations) of rebar installers in Europe and North America. Many databases and websites have been consulted in French, in English and Rumanian: PubMed, Medline, Sante Canada, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Construction Safety Association of Ontario, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Fondation École Française du Béton, Classification Nationale des Postes, Métiers Sceau Rouge, Conseil Canadien des Normes, etc. Rebar installers must cut, shape and put in place steel components (notched rods, wreath steel wires and wire-mesh), that will be assembled in horizontal (concrete slabs, decks, beams and superstructures of bridges) or vertical (pillars and posts) formworKs. Alternatively, the steel rebars could be assembled in a shop, moved to the construction site and installed in formworks (by crane). Rebar joints are spliced by a steel wire, welding or mechanical splices. These activities, work organization, environment and equipments are source of many occupational health and safety risks that will also be presented in this article.

Type de document: Compte rendu de conférence
Professeur:
Professeur
Nadeau, Sylvie
Arteau, Jean
Affiliation: Génie mécanique
Date de dépôt: 23 avr. 2014 20:23
Dernière modification: 20 avr. 2017 14:18
URI: http://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/7667

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