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Substantial vertebral body osteophytes protect against severe vertebral fractures in compression

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Wagnac, Eric et Aubin, Carl-Éric et Chaumoître, Kathia et Mac-Thiong, Jean-Marc et Ménard, Anne-Laure et Petit, Yvan et Garo, Anaïs et Arnoux, Pierre-Jean. 2017. « Substantial vertebral body osteophytes protect against severe vertebral fractures in compression ». PLoS ONE, vol. 12, nº 10.

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Résumé

Recent findings suggest that vertebral osteophytes increase the resistance of the spine to compression. However, the role of vertebral osteophytes on the biomechanical response of the spine under fast dynamic compression, up to failure, is unclear. Seventeen human spine specimens composed of three vertebrae (from T5-T7 to T11-L1) and their surrounding soft tissues were harvested from nine cadavers, aged 77 to 92 years. Specimens were imaged using quantitative computer tomography (QCT) for medical observation, classification of the intervertebral disc degeneration (Thomson grade) and measurement of the vertebral trabecular density (VTD), height and cross-sectional area. Specimens were divided into two groups (with (n = 9) or without (n = 8) substantial vertebral body osteophytes) and compressed axially at a dynamic displacement rate of 1 m/s, up to failure. Normalized force-displacement curves, videos and QCT images allowed characterizing failure parameters (force, displacement and energy at failure) and fracture patterns. Results were analyzed using chi-squared tests for sampling distributions and linear regression for correlations between VTD and failure parameters. Specimens with substantial vertebral body osteophytes present higher stiffness (2.7 times on average) and force at failure (1.8 times on average) than other segments. The presence of osteophytes significantly influences the location, pattern and type of fracture. VTD was a good predictor of the dynamic force and energy at failure for specimens without substantial osteophytes. This study also showed that vertebral body osteophytes provide a protective mechanism to the underlying vertebra against severe compression fractures.

Type de document: Article publié dans une revue, révisé par les pairs
Professeur:
Professeur
Wagnac, Éric
Petit, Yvan
Affiliation: Génie mécanique, Génie mécanique
Date de dépôt: 11 janv. 2018 16:28
Dernière modification: 27 juin 2018 18:54
URI: http://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/16071

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