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Comparison of climate datasets for lumped hydrological modeling over the continental United States


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Essou, Gilles R. C., Arsenault, Richard and Brissette, François P.. 2016. « Comparison of climate datasets for lumped hydrological modeling over the continental United States ». Journal of Hydrology, vol. 537. pp. 334-345.
Compte des citations dans Scopus : 52.

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Arsenault-R-2016-12580.pdf - Accepted Version
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Climate data measured by weather stations are crucially important and regularly used in hydrologic modeling. However, they are not always available due to the low spatial density and short record history of many station networks. To overcome these limitations, gridded datasets have become increasingly available. They have excellent continuous spatial coverage and no missing data. However, these datasets are usually interpolated using station data, with little new information besides elevation. Furthermore, minimal validation has been done on most of these datasets. This study compares three such datasets covering the continental United States to evaluate their differences and their impact on lumped hydrological modeling. Three daily time step gridded datasets with resolutions varying between 0.25° and 1 km were used in this study – Santa-Clara, Daymet and CPC. The hydrological modeling evaluation of these datasets was performed over 424 basins from the MOPEX database. Results show that there are significant differences between the datasets, even though they were essentially all interpolated from almost the same climate databases. Despite those differences, the hydrological model used in this study was able to perform equally well after a specific calibration to each dataset. While there were a few exceptions, by and large, Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency metrics obtained in validation were not statistically different from one database to the other for most basins. It appears that there are no reasons to favor one dataset versus another for lumped hydrological modeling, and that these datasets perform just as well as using the original station data.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Arsenault, Richard
Brissette, François
Affiliation: Autres, Génie de la construction
Date Deposited: 10 May 2016 16:26
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2021 19:05

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