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Challenges of the usual graphical methods used to characterize phase change materials by differential scanning calorimetry

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Gibout, Stéphane, Franquet, Erwin, Haillot, Didier, Bédécarrats, Jean-Pierre et Dumas, Jean-Pierre. 2018. « Challenges of the usual graphical methods used to characterize phase change materials by differential scanning calorimetry ». Applied Sciences, vol. 8, nº 1.
Compte des citations dans Scopus : 8.

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Abstract

Modeling the thermal behavior of a plant or devices using Phase Change Materials (PCM) requires to know their thermophysical properties. The Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is a technic largely used to investigate them. However, under the pretext to experiment with small samples, some authors consider the DSC curves as directly representing the properties of the materials without realizing that this interpretation is very often incompatible with the thermodynamics laws: as an example, although a pure substance melts at a fixed temperature TF, it is proposed a melting through a temperature range higher than TF and depending on the experiments (heating rates, sample masses. . . ), for solutions the suggested characteristic temperatures are incompatible with the phase diagram, and also a hysteresis phenomenon is invented. . . . In this paper, we demonstrate by a model coupling thermodynamics and conduction heat transfers, that the DSC curves are exactly compatible with the thermodynamics of phase changes (melting at fixed temperature for pure substances, in conformity with phase diagrams for solutions. . . ). The cases of pure substances, saline solutions, substances with impurities or solid solutions are detailed. We indicate which information can, however, be given by the curves. We also propose a more sophisticated method by inverse calculations to determine the specific enthalpy whose all the thermodynamical properties can be deduced. Finally, we give some indications to understand and use the results indicating supercooling.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Professor:
Professor
Haillot, Didier
Affiliation: Autres
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2019 19:29
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2020 15:26
URI: https://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/19175

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