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Mobile in-ear power sensor for jaw joint activity

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Bouchard-Roy, Jacob, Delnavaz, Aidin and Voix, Jérémie. 2020. « Mobile in-ear power sensor for jaw joint activity ». Micromachines, vol. 11, nº 12.

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Abstract

In only a short time, in-ear wearables have gone from hearing aids to a host of electronic devices such as wireless earbuds and digital earplugs. To operate, these devices rely exclusively on batteries, which are not only cumbersome but known for several drawbacks. In this paper, the earcanal dynamic movements generated by jaw activity are evaluated as an alternative source of energy that could replace batteries. A mobile in-ear power sensor device capable of measuring jaw activity metrics is prototyped and tested on three test subjects. The test results are subsequently analyzed using a detection algorithm to detect the jaw activity based on the captured audio signals and to classify them into four main categories, namely chewing, swallowing, coughing and talking. The mean power associated with each category of activity is then calculated by using the pressure signals as measured by a water-inflated earplug subjected to earcanal dynamic movement. The results show that 3.8 mW of power, achieved mainly by the chewing movement, is readily available on average from within the earcanal.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Professor:
Professor
Voix, Jérémie
Affiliation: Génie mécanique
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2021 18:40
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2021 15:01
URI: https://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/21907

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