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A rheological approach to assess the printability of thermosensitive chitosan-based biomaterial inks

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Rahimnejad, Maedeh, Labonte-Dupuis, Thierry, Demarquette, Nicole R. and Lerouge, Sophie. 2021. « A rheological approach to assess the printability of thermosensitive chitosan-based biomaterial inks ». Biomedical Materials, vol. 16, nº 1.
Compte des citations dans Scopus : 19.

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Abstract

For extrusion-based bioprinting, the inks must be printable and rapidly present sufficient mechanical properties to support additional layers and provide a cohesive, manipulable structure. Thermosensitive hydrogels may be interesting candidates. However, the use of these materials is particularly challenging, since their rheological properties evolve with time and temperature. In this work, a rheological approach to characterize the printability of chitosan-based thermosensitive inks was developed. The method consists of evaluating: (1) the gelation kinetic at room temperature and at 37 °C; (2) shear-thinning behavior to estimate the shear rate applied during printing as a function of printing parameters; and (3) the viscosity after shear removal (recovery test) to simulate behaviour after biomaterial deposition. Hydrogels containing 2 and 3% w v−1 chitosan, combined with different gelling agents (sodium hydrogen carbonate (SHC), phosphate buffer, beta-glycerophosphate (BGP)) were tested, and compared with alginate/gelatin bioink as controls. To correlate the rheological studies with real printing conditions, a 3D-Discovery bioprinter was used to print hydrogels and the visual aspect of the printed structure was observed. Unconfined compressive tests were carried out to study the impact of applied shear rate during printing on the mechanical properties of printed structures. All pre-hydrogel solutions presented shear-thinning properties. The recovery of viscosity was found to depend on the hydrogel formulation, as well as the level of shear rate and the state of gelation at the time of printing. Formulations made with SHC and phosphate buffer presented too rapid gelation and phase separation, leading to poor printing results. One particularly promising formulation composed of SHC and BGP, when printed at a shear rate of 140 s−1, before its gelation time (tg ⩽ 15 min), resulted in good printability and 3D structures with rigidity comparable with the alginate/gelatin bioink. The methodology introduced in this paper could be used to evaluate the printability of other time- and temperature-dependent biomaterial inks in the future.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Professor:
Professor
Demarquette, Nicole R.
Lerouge, Sophie
Affiliation: Génie mécanique, Génie mécanique
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2021 20:21
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 15:37
URI: https://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/21975

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