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Influence of eutectic phase precipitation on cracking susceptibility during forging of a martensitic stainless steel for turbine shaft applications

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Dourandish, S., Jahazi, M., Ebrahimi, G. R. et Ebacher, L.. 2021. « Influence of eutectic phase precipitation on cracking susceptibility during forging of a martensitic stainless steel for turbine shaft applications ». Journal of Materials Research and Technology, vol. 13. pp. 260-270.

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Abstract

The presence of the eutectic phase (delta ferrite + M23C6) in martensitic stainless steels brings significant deterioration of the in-service mechanical properties of the critical components such as turbine shaft made of these alloys. In the present study, thermodynamic and kinetics of eutectic phase formation during solidification and the reheating stages before forging of a large size X38CrMo16 martensitic stainless steel ingot are investigated. Material characterization and microstructural evolution were characterized in three different zones of a large size ingot. It was observed that the forging temperature and the solidification rate were the two most effective parameters influencing the volume fraction of the eutectic phase and its morphology. Optical and electron microscopy observations along with Energy Dispersion Spectroscopy (EDS) and Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) measurements were used in the investigation. The results showed that the eutectic phase precipitated primarily at the grain boundaries. Furthermore, a clear evolution on the morphology and volume fraction of the eutectic phase including thin film-like and skeleton-like carbides was found from the outer surface to the center of the ingot along the radial direction. EDS analysis revealed the substantial presence of chromium, molybdenum, and carbon within the M23C6 along the grain boundaries. Phase transformation and the precipitation phase sequences were analyzed as a function of temperature and composition of eutectic transformation using the Thermo-Calc software and the predictions were validated with experimental findings.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Professor:
Professor
Jahazi, Mohammad
Affiliation: Génie mécanique
Date Deposited: 14 May 2021 14:35
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2021 20:51
URI: https://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/22550

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