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Single and multiple continuous-wave interference suppression using adaptive IIR notch filters based on direct-form structure in a QPSK communication system

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Gebali, Abdelrahman El et Landry, René Jr. 2022. « Single and multiple continuous-wave interference suppression using adaptive IIR notch filters based on direct-form structure in a QPSK communication system ». Applied Sciences, vol. 12, nº 4.

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Abstract

The removal filter coefficients in this technique are dependent on the jammer’s power and its Instantaneous Frequency (IF) information, which can both be obtained in the time–frequency domain (adaptive filtering techniques). The dependence of the removing/reducing filter characteristics on the interference power is critical, as it allows an optimal trade-off between removal interference and the amount of self-noise generated by the filter. This trade-off is bounded by the two extreme cases of no notch filter (no self-noise) and full suppression (k1 = 1) for both low- and high-power jammer values. In this paper, a cascade second-order adaptive direct Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) Notch Filter (NF) with a gradient-based algorithm to suppress the Continuous-Wave (CW and MCW) interference is proposed for maximizing the receiver Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) in a Quadrature Phase-Shift Keying (QPSK)-modulated signal. The suppression approach consists of two Adaptive IIR NFs (ANFs) based on a direct-form structure: the Hd1(z) and Hd1(z). The proposal in this work presents a low-complexity Time-Domain (TD) algorithm for controlling the update filter coefficient and notch depth. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed approach represents an effective method for removing/reducing the impacts of CWI/MCWI, resulting in improved system performance for low- and high-power jammer values when compared with the case of full suppression (k1 = 1); furthermore, it also improves the notch filter’s output SNR for a given Jamming-to-Signal Ratio (JSR) value and Bit Error Ratio (BER) performance. For example, the SNR output of the proposed IIR NF was enhanced by 7 dB versus the case without a filter when Eb/No = 15 dB and JSR = −5 dB. The proposed method can detect and mitigate weak and strong jamming with JSR values ranging from −30 to 40 dB, and can track the hopping frequency interference. Moreover, an improved BER performance is seen as compared to the case without an IIR NF.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Professor:
Professor
Landry, René Jr
Affiliation: Génie électrique
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2022 18:49
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2022 19:04
URI: https://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/24052

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