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Effect of the ausforming deformation mode on bainitic transformation in a medium carbon high silicon steel


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Eres-Castellanos, Adriana, Zorgani, Muftah, Shahriari, Davood, Romanica, Radu, Jimenez, Jose Antonio, Garcia-Mateo, Carlos et Jahazi, Mohammad. 2022. « Effect of the ausforming deformation mode on bainitic transformation in a medium carbon high silicon steel ». Journal of Materials Research and Technology, vol. 18. pp. 3428-3442.

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Ausforming treatments are thermomechanical treatments that consist in plastically deforming a fully austenitized steel, usually leading to either a bainitic or a martensitic microstructure. The effects of the mentioned previous deformation have been mainly studied under compression conditions. However, as widely known, many large-scale processes do not only require the application of deformation under a single mode. For that reason, it is important to assess whether different deformation modes could induce similar effects on the final microstructure. In this work, the effect of the deformation mode was analyzed in a medium carbon high silicon steel. Samples were deformed under compressive and tensile stresses at different temperatures and subsequently subjected to isothermal holding steps in the bainitic range for prolonged times. The final microstruc- tures consisted of bainitic ferrite and retained austenite, where the bainitic ferrite was formed at different stages: a certain fraction was dynamically formed during the defor- mation step, while the remaining fraction was formed during the isothermal holding. The study of the changes in length observed during these treatments enabled to understand both phase transformations, while the analysis of the final microstructures by different characterization techniques, such as X-Ray Diffraction and Scanning Electron Microscopy, enabled to better understand the effect of the deformation mode at different levels. It was proved that tensile ausforming led to more rapid and intense strain induced trans- formations than compression ausforming. Moreover, results showed that ausforming led to anisotropic structures, regardless of the deformation mode, where bainitic ferrite plates were aligned with respect to the deformation direction. The effect of the deformation mode on the bainitic ferrite plate thickness, the volume fractions of the different phases, several crystallographic parameters and hardness is also discussed.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Jahazi, Mohammad
Affiliation: Génie mécanique
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2022 20:57
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2023 16:08

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