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Thermogravimetric analysis and kinetic modeling of the AAEM-catalyzed pyrolysis of woody biomass


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Wang, Wei, Lemaire, Romain, Bensakhria, Ammar and Luart, Denis. 2022. « Thermogravimetric analysis and kinetic modeling of the AAEM-catalyzed pyrolysis of woody biomass ». Molecules, vol. 27, nº 22.
Compte des citations dans Scopus : 9.

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This work analyzes the catalytic effects induced by alkali and alkaline earth metals (AAEMs) on pyrolysis kinetics. To this end, thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) were carried out with raw beech wood and samples impregnated with NaCl, KCl and MgCl2 at four heating rates (5, 10, 15 and 30 °C/min). Obtained results showed that AAEM compounds promote the decomposition of biomass by reducing the initial and peak pyrolysis temperatures. More specifically, the catalytic effect of the alkaline earth metal was shown to be stronger than that of alkali metals. To further interpret the obtained trends, a kinetic modeling of measured data was realized using two isoconversional methods (the Ozawa–Flynn–Wall (OFW) and Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose (KAS) models). With a view to identifying a suitable reaction model, model fitting and master plot methods were considered to be coupled with the isoconversional modeling approaches. The 3-D diffusion reaction model has been identified as being well suited to properly simulate the evolution of the conversion degree of each sample as a function of the temperature. Furthermore, the kinetic parameters derived from the present modeling work highlighted significant decreases of the activation energies when impregnating wood with AAEM chlorides, thus corroborating the existence of catalytic effects shifting the decomposition process to lower temperatures. A survey of the speculated pathways allowing to account for the impact of AAEMs on the thermal degradation of woody biomass is eventually proposed to better interpret the trends identified in this work.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Lemaire, Romain
Affiliation: Génie mécanique
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2022 21:51
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2023 20:34

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