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Security establishment in ADS-B by format-preserving encryption and blockchain schemes

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Habibi Markani, Jamal, Amrhar, Abdessamad, Gagné, Jean-Marc and Landry, René Jr. 2023. « Security establishment in ADS-B by format-preserving encryption and blockchain schemes ». Applied Sciences, vol. 13, nº 5.
Compte des citations dans Scopus : 5.

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Abstract

In the next generation modernization plan, the automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) system plays a pivotal role. However, the ADS-B’s low level of security and its vulnerabilities have raised valid concerns. The main objectives of this paper are to highlight the limitations of legacy ADS-B systems and to assess the feasibility of using Format-preserving (F), Feistel-based encryption (F), with multiple implementation variances (X) (FFX) algorithms, for enhancing ADS-B’s security. The offered solution is implemented in a standard software-defined radio (SDR) ADS-B to be utilized in real-time applications. Furthermore, a new proposed blockchain scheme is used as a secured database to manage the cipher key. The metric of message entropy is used to assess an algorithm’s ability to confuse and diffuse predictable ADS-B messages; correlation and serial correlation of plain data and cipher data are deployed to evaluate the proposed method’s security level. The authors provide both MATLAB simulations and flight test outcomes to demonstrate the feasibility of this approach. Based on our security analysis, ADS-B information can be kept confidential through our scheme. The performance evaluation results reveal that the proposed scheme is achievable, compatible, and efficient for the avionics industry

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Professor:
Professor
Landry, René Jr
Affiliation: Génie électrique
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2023 21:55
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2023 19:01
URI: https://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/26324

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