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Aluminum nitride out-of-plane piezoelectric MEMS actuators


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Rabih, Almur A. S., Kazemi, Mohammad, Ménard, Michaël and Nabki, Frederic. 2023. « Aluminum nitride out-of-plane piezoelectric MEMS actuators ». Micromachines, vol. 14, nº 3.
Compte des citations dans Scopus : 3.

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Integrating microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) actuators with low-loss suspended silicon nitride waveguides enables the precise alignment of these waveguides to other photonic integrated circuits (PICs). This requires both in-plane and out-of-plane actuators to ensure high-precision optical alignment. However, most current out-of-plane electrostatic actuators are bulky, while electrothermal actuators consume high power. Thus, piezoelectric actuators, thanks to their moderate actuation voltages and low power consumption, could be used as alternatives. Furthermore, piezoelectric actuators can provide displacements in two opposite directions. This study presents a novel aluminum nitride-based out-of-plane piezoelectric MEMS actuator equipped with a capacitive sensing mechanism to track its displacement. This actuator could be integrated within PICs to align different chips. Prototypes of the device were tested over the range of ±60 V, where they provided upward and downward displacements, and achieved a total average out-of-plane displacement of 1.30 ± 0.04 μm. Capacitance measurement showed a linear relation with the displacement, where at −60 V, the average change in capacitance was found to be −13.10 ± 0.89 fF, whereas at 60 V the change was 11.09 ± 0.73 fF. This study also investigates the effect of the residual stress caused by the top metal electrode, on the linearity of the displacement–voltage relation. The simulation predicts that the prototype could be modified to accommodate waveguide routing above it without affecting its performance, and it could also incorporate in-plane lateral actuators.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Ménard, Michaël
Nabki, Frédéric
Affiliation: Génie électrique, Génie électrique
Date Deposited: 30 May 2023 21:15
Last Modified: 31 May 2023 14:34

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