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Muscular morphometric study of the canine shoulder for the design of 3D-printed endoprostheses in dogs with osteosarcoma of the proximal humerus: A pilot cadaveric study by MRI

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Llido, Marie, Le Bras, Linh-Aurore, Brailovski, Vladimir, Séguin, Bernard, Masseau, Isabelle, Petit, Yvan and Lussier, Bertrand. 2023. « Muscular morphometric study of the canine shoulder for the design of 3D-printed endoprostheses in dogs with osteosarcoma of the proximal humerus: A pilot cadaveric study by MRI ». American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 84, nº 6.
Compte des citations dans Scopus : 1.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE Osteosarcoma frequently affects the proximal humerus in dogs. In veterinary medicine, no therapeutic option for the treatment of osteosarcoma satisfactorily preserves limb function. 3D-printed personalized endoprosthesis offers a promising treatment option. Morphometric data, necessary for the design of the endoprosthesis, are currently lacking in canine patients. Our objective was to acquire the morphometric data necessary to refine the design of the endoprosthesis. ANIMAL A single canine cadaveric thoracic limb. PROCEDURES Sagittal proton-density, and sagittal, dorsal, and transverse T1-weighted sequences of the thoracic limb were acquired with a 1.5 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) unit. Nineteen muscles of interest were subsequently identified using medical imaging software (Mimics©) and their volume was reconstructed in 3D using computeraided design (CATIA©). Mormophetric data were recorded for each of the 19 muscles. The same canine cadaver was then dissected to measure the same parameters. RESULTS All muscles were successfully identified with data consistent with the dissected cadaveric data. Certain muscles were more challenging to isolate on MRI, namely the heads of the triceps brachii, superficial pectoral, and latissimus dorsi. The relative distribution of muscle volumes was similar to historical data. Muscle tissue density was not significantly affected by freezing (1.059 g/cm3). CLINICAL RELEVANCE MRI is a useful tool to collect morphometric data but imperfect if used alone. This approach was the first attempt to validate more general morphometric data that could be used to refine the design of custom 3D-printed prostheses for limb-sparing of the proximal humerus. Further imaging studies are warranted to refine our model.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Professor:
Professor
Brailovski, Vladimir
Petit, Yvan
Affiliation: Génie mécanique, Génie mécanique
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2023 18:40
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2023 17:50
URI: https://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/27010

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