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Automating Cardiac Disease Detection

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Afshin, Mariam, Ben Ayed, Ismail, Punithakumar, Kumaradevan, Law, Max, Islam, Ali, Goela, Aashish, Peters, Terry et Li, Shuo. 29 August 2017. « Automating Cardiac Disease Detection ». [Research article]. Substance ÉTS.

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Abstract

Automating the detection and localization of segmental (regional) left ventricle (LV) abnormalities in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is challenging, with much room for improvements in regard to accuracy. The purpose of the study is to investigate a real-time machine-learning approach which uses some image features that can be easily computed, but that correlate well with the segmental cardiac function. Starting from a minimum user input in only one frame in a subject dataset, we build for all the regional segments and all subsequent frames a set of statistical MRI features based on a measure of similarity between distributions. We demonstrate that, over a cardiac cycle, the statistical features are related to the proportion of blood within each segment. Therefore, they can characterize segmental contraction without the need for delineating the LV boundaries in all the frames. Compared against ground-truth evaluations by experienced radiologists, the proposed algorithm performed competitively, with an overall classification accuracy of 86.09% and a kappa measure of 0.73. Key words: image statistics, linear support vector machine, LSVM, magnetic resonance imaging, MRI

Item Type: Non-peer reviewed article published in a journal or magazine
Refereed: No
Professor:
Professor
Ben Ayed, Ismail
Affiliation: Génie de la production automatisée
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2018 14:52
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2020 16:12
URI: https://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/17182

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