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Characterization of the clay and fibres for hygrothermal modelling

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Kaboré, A. and Ouellet-Plamondon, C.. 2023. « Characterization of the clay and fibres for hygrothermal modelling ». In Proceedings of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering Annual Conference 2021 : CSCE21 Materials Track (En ligne, May 26-29, 2021) Coll. « Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering », vol. 248. pp. 345-356. Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH.
Compte des citations dans Scopus : 1.

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Abstract

Ecomaterials used in traditional construction are experiencing renewed interest for their low environmental impact. However, the lack of reference values for the hygrothermal behaviour of some composite ecomaterials with a low carbon footprint prevents the overall analysis of the structures of buildings designed with these materials. The wood-clay construction system is an ecological and sustainable building system. These materials have great potential for applications in places where housing needs are high, in rural areas of Africa, and have been used for hundreds of years in Europe. The plant fibres improves the hygrothermal, mechanical and weather resistance performance of clay materials. This study determines the water content absorbed by the wheat and corn stalk fibres that will allow the water/clay ratio to be adjusted. For the characterization of red and white clay, the results obtained by the pycnometer method show that the bulk density of the clay is 2.80 and 2.73 with an absolute density of 2.79 g/ml and 2.72 g/ml. The results of the characterization of wheat and corn fibres show that they have the capacity to absorb more than 200% and 120% water by weight in only 25 min respectively at 23℃. The water absorption of fibres increases with increasing temperature. This increase contributes to the improvement of the hygrothermal performance of the materials by the restitution of the absorbed humidity, providing a very good feeling of comfort. Samples formulated with 0% to 3% wheat fibre have shown that the addition of fibre reduces the shrinkage of clay materials by 6.35 to 1.53%

Item Type: Conference proceeding
Editors:
Editors
ORCID
Walbridge, S.
UNSPECIFIED
Nik-Bakht, M.
UNSPECIFIED
Ng, K. T.
UNSPECIFIED
Shome, M.
UNSPECIFIED
Alam, M. S.
UNSPECIFIED
el Damatty, A.
UNSPECIFIED
Lovegrove, G.
UNSPECIFIED
Additional Information: Titre traduit : Caractérisation de l'argile et des fibres pour la modélisation hygrothermique
Professor:
Professor
Ouellet-Plamondon, Claudiane
Affiliation: Génie de la construction
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2022 16:04
Last Modified: 24 May 2023 04:00
URI: https://espace2.etsmtl.ca/id/eprint/24934

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