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Heat transfer correlations for smooth and rough airfoils


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Samadani, Sepehr et Morency, François. 2023. « Heat transfer correlations for smooth and rough airfoils ». Fluids, vol. 8, nº 2.

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Low-fidelity methods such as the Blade Element Momentum Theory frequently provide rotor aerodynamic performances. However, these methods must be coupled to databases or correlations to compute heat transfer. The literature lacks correlations to compute the average heat transfer around airfoil. The present study develops correlations for an average heat transfer over smooth and rough airfoil. The correlation coefficients were obtained from a CFD database using RANS equations and the Spalart–Allmaras turbulent model. This work studies the NACA 0009, NACA 0012, and NACA 0015 with and without the leading roughness representative of a small ice accretion. The numerical results are validated against lift and drag coefficients from the literature. The heat transfer at the stagnation point compares well with the experimental results. The database indicates a negligible dependency on airfoil thickness. The work presents two correlations from the database analysis: one for the smooth airfoils and one for the rough airfoils. For the zero lift coefficient, the average Nusselt number is maximum. This increases with Re0.636 for the smooth surface and with Re0.85 for the rough surface. As the lift increases, the average Nusselt is reduced by values proportional to the square of the lift coefficient for the smooth surface, while it is reduced by values proportional to Re and the square of the lift coefficient for the rough surface.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Morency, François
Affiliation: Génie mécanique
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2023 21:51
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2023 17:58

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