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Flow control around the UAS-S45 pitching airfoil using a dynamically morphing leading edge (DMLE): A numerical study


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Bashir, Musavir, Zonzini, Nicola, Botez, Ruxandra Mihaela, Ceruti, Alessandro et Wong, Tony. 2023. « Flow control around the UAS-S45 pitching airfoil using a dynamically morphing leading edge (DMLE): A numerical study ». Biomimetics, vol. 8, nº 1.

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This paper investigates the effect of the Dynamically Morphing Leading Edge (DMLE) on the flow structure and the behavior of dynamic stall vortices around a pitching UAS-S45 airfoil with the objective of controlling the dynamic stall. An unsteady parametrization framework was developed to model the time-varying motion of the leading edge. This scheme was then integrated within the Ansys-Fluent numerical solver by developing a User-Defined-Function (UDF), with the aim to dynamically deflect the airfoil boundaries, and to control the dynamic mesh used to morph and to further adapt it. The dynamic and sliding mesh techniques were used to simulate the unsteady flow around the sinusoidally pitching UAS-S45 airfoil. While the y – Re0 turbulence model adequately captured the flow structures of dynamic airfoils associated with leading-edge vortex formations for a wide range of Reynolds numbers, two broader studies are here considered. Firstly, (i) an oscillating airfoil with the DMLE is investigated; the pitching-oscillation motion of an airfoil and its parameters are defined, such as the droop nose amplitude (AD) and the pitch angle at which the leading-edge morphing starts (MST). The effects of the ADand the MST on the aerodynamic performance was studied, and three different amplitude cases are considered. Secondly, (ii) the DMLE of an airfoil motion at stall angles of attack was investigated. In this case, the airfoil was set at stall angles of attack rather than oscillating it. This study will provide the transient lift and drag at different deflection frequencies of 0.5 Hz, 1 Hz, 2 Hz, 5 Hz, and 10 Hz. The results showed that the lift coefficient for the airfoil increased by 20.15%, while a 16.58% delay in the dynamic stall angle was obtained for an oscillating airfoil with DMLE with AD = 0.01 and MST = 14.75°, as compared to the reference airfoil. Similarly, the lift coefficients for two other cases, where AD= 0.05 and AD= 0.0075, increased by 10.67% and 11.46%, respectively, compared to the reference airfoil. Furthermore, it was shown that the downward deflection of the leading edge increased the stall angle of attack and the nose-down pitching moment. Finally, it was concluded that the new radius of curvature of the DMLE airfoil minimized the streamwise adverse pressure gradient and prevented significant flow separation by delaying the Dynamic Stall Vortex (DSV) occurrence.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Botez, Ruxandra
Wong, Tony
Affiliation: Génie des systèmes, Génie des systèmes
Date Deposited: 30 May 2023 20:37
Last Modified: 31 May 2023 14:39

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