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Smartphone integration of artificial intelligence for automated plagiocephaly diagnosis


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Watt, Ayden, Lee, James, Toews, Matthew and Gilardino, Mirko S.. 2023. « Smartphone integration of artificial intelligence for automated plagiocephaly diagnosis ». Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open, vol. 11, nº 5.
Compte des citations dans Scopus : 1.

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Background: Positional plagiocephaly is a pediatric condition with important cosmetic implications affecting ∼40% of infants under 12 months of age. Early diagnosis and treatment initiation is imperative in achieving satisfactory outcomes; improved diagnostic modalities are needed to support this goal. This study aimed to determine whether a smartphone-based artificial intelligence tool could diagnose positional plagiocephaly. Methods: A prospective validation study was conducted at a large tertiary care center with two recruitment sites: (1) newborn nursery, (2) pediatric craniofacial surgery clinic. Eligible children were aged 0–12 months with no history of hydrocephalus, intracranial tumors, intracranial hemorrhage, intracranial hardware, or prior craniofacial surgery. Successful artificial intelligence diagnosis required identification of the presence and severity of positional plagiocephaly. Results: A total of 89 infants were prospectively enrolled from the craniofacial surgery clinic (n = 25, 17 male infants [68%], eight female infants [32%], mean age 8.44 months) and newborn nursery (n = 64, 29 male infants [45%], 25 female infants [39%], mean age 0 months). The model obtained a diagnostic accuracy of 85.39% compared with a standard clinical examination with a disease prevalence of 48%. Sensitivity was 87.50% [95% CI, 75.94–98.42] with a specificity of 83.67% [95% CI, 72.35–94.99]. Precision was 81.40%, while likelihood ratios (positive and negative) were 5.36 and 0.15, respectively. The F1-score was 84.34%. Conclusions: The smartphone-based artificial intelligence algorithm accurately diagnosed positional plagiocephaly in a clinical environment. This technology may provide value by helping guide specialist consultation and enabling longitudinal quantitative monitoring of cranial shape.

Item Type: Peer reviewed article published in a journal
Toews, Matthew
Affiliation: Génie des systèmes
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2023 18:48
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2023 17:26

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